Amazon Route 53 : Keep Your Website Running Smoothly with Route53 AWS

All websites, computers, and connected devices communicate with one another using IP addresses. IP addresses are replaced with domain names because they are easier to remember and type into browser search bars than IP addresses, which are difficult to remember.

Thanks to a service called DNS, which converts IP addresses into domain names, it is possible to access a website or target server using a domain name.

Internet traffic is then forwarded to the correct servers, which are home to the requested Web application, using a DNS service called Route53 AWS.

Amazon's services go beyond conventional DNS management, which merely registers website domains and directs user requests to the hosting infrastructure. 

Unlike traditional DNS management services, Amazon Route53 enables scalable, flexible, secure, and manageable traffic routing through a variety of AWS services. Let’s dive into this article to learn more about Route53 AWS.

What is Route53 AWS and What Are its Uses?

The Route53 AWS cloud-based Domain Name System (DNS) web service offers high availability and scalability.

It is made primarily for programmers and businesses to convert human-readable names like into the numerical IP addresses that computers use to connect to one another, such as, to point end users to Internet applications. 

Uses of Route53 AWS

You can use Route53 AWS to do 3 functions, but you must do them in the order listed below: 

  • Register Domain Name

    You must give your website a name, like You can register a domain name, also referred to as a name for your website or web application, on Route 53.

  • Route Internet Traffic to Your Domain's Resources

    When a user opens a web browser and types your domain name or subdomain name into the address bar, Route53 creates a connection between that user's web browser and your website or web application.

  • Check Your Resources’ Health

    Route53 uses automated requests to check the availability, reachability, and functionality of resources like web servers over the internet.

    Additionally, you can decide whether to route internet traffic away from harmful resources and decide whether to get alerts when a resource becomes inaccessible.

What Are the Key Features of the Route53 AWS?

The following are the key features of Route53 AWS:

Route 53 Resolver

Get recursive DNS for your networks that are both on-premises and in an Amazon VPC. Make conditional rules and DNS endpoints to resolve custom names managed in zones hosted privately by Amazon Route 53 or on your on-premises DNS servers.

Traffic Flow

End users should be routed to the endpoint based on the latency, health, and other characteristics of your application to ensure the best user experience.

Latency Based Routing

Send customers to the AWS region that has the lowest latency.

IP Based Routing

Adjust your DNS routing strategy in accordance with the CIDR block that the IP address that originated the query belongs to.


Routes users to an endpoint based on the closest geographic location that can be found.

DNS Failover

To prevent site outages, automatically redirect website visitors to a different page.

Health Checks & Monitoring

Route53 AWS can keep an eye on your web servers, applications, and other resources.

Domain Registration

Carries out the function of a domain registrar, enabling you to choose domain names and register for them using the AWS console.

Management Console 

Works with the AWS Management Console. This web-based point-and-click graphical user interface allows you to manage Route53 AWS without ever writing any code.

What Are the Different Types of Route53 AWS?

The following are some types of routing policies for Route53 AWS:

  1. 1

    Simple Routing 

    It enables DNS configuration without using any unique Route 53 Routing. It is typically used when your domain only has one resource that can carry out a specific task.

  2. 2

    Geolocation Routing 

    It distributes the resources according to the users' geographical locations. The content or website is localized in the user's native tongue. 

  3. 3

    Geoproximity Routing 

    Depending on the geographical location of users and their resources, traffic is routed to the resources accordingly. There is a choice to direct more or less traffic to a particular resource.

  4. 4

    Failover Routing 

    Traffic is redirected to an alternative or backup resource when the original resource becomes unreliable. The result is that one ELB (Elastic Load Balancing) is switched to active mode and the other to standby mode. When a failover occurs, it switches automatically.

  5. 5

    Weighted Routing

    With multiple resources being routed under a single domain name, it controls the traffic that will be directed to each resource. The best use for it is to test and distribute load among new software versions.

What is the Difference Between Route 53 and Load Balancer?

Both Route 53 and load balancer are used to distribute the network traffic. No doubt there are a lot of similarities between them, but there are also minor differences. Let’s discuss how Route53 differs from a load balancer. 

Route 53

Load Balancer

Route 53 distributes traffic among multiple regions.

A load balancer distributes traffic among multiple availability zones but not regions.

Route53 weighted routing examines the targets' health and discards any that are unfit. But sometimes unhealthy targets can still be in the visitors' cache.

The load balancer is not cached, and all unhealthy targets are removed immediately.

It only modifies the address that requests from your clients resolve to.

The load balancer reroutes the traffic.

Why is the AWS Route 53 More Efficient to Use for Your DNS?

Amazon Route 53 can serve as the DNS provider for a domain like, by converting it into the numeric IP addresses that computers use to communicate with one another, Route53 AWS directs users to your website when acting as your DNS provider.

Route 53 gets a DNS query when someone puts your domain name into a browser, sends you an email, and receives a correct response. For instance, Route 53 might respond with the IP address of the web server that hosts

In short, AWS Route 53 is more efficient to use for your DNS. The following are some reasons why you should think about using AWS Route 53 with your DNS:

  • You will be charged based on the hosted zones you created, as this is a pay-as-you-go service.
  • It includes APIs for easily creating and managing your domain's DNS records.It is able to scale automatically to handle high query volumes.
  • Based on proximity, endpoint health, and latency, intelligent traffic routing is used.
  • The servers for Route 53 are dispersed across the globe.
  • It has a straightforward web-services interface that makes it easier for users to get started quickly.
  • Route53 AWS is compatible with IPv6.

What Are the Route53 AWS Pricing?

The best part about Route53 AWS is that it offers pay-as-you-go services. This means that you don’t have to pay any upfront fees. You only pay for the services that you use. 

Hosted Zoned & Records

You have to pay monthly for each hosted zone and record managed by Route52 AWS. 


  • $0.50 per hosted zone/ for first 25 hosted zones per month
  • $0.10 pwr hosted zone/ for additional hosted zones per month

Single hosted zone consists of 10,000 records. You will be charged $0.0015 per month for each record used in excess of 10,000 per zone.

DNS Queries

You have to pay for every query answered by Route53 AWS other than queries to Alias A records. 


Standard Queries:

  • First 1 billion queries at $0.40 per million/month
  • Over 1 billion queries at $0.20 per million/month

Latency Based Routing Queries:

  • First 1 billion queries at $0.60 per million/month
  • Over 1 billion queries at $0.30 per million/month

Geo DNS Queries:

  • First 1 billion queries at $0.70 per million/month
  • Over 1 billion queries at $0.35 per million/month

IP Based Routing Queries:

  • First 1 billion queries at $0.80 per million/month
  • Over 1 billion queries at $0.40 per million/month 

Managing Domain Names

There is an annual fee associated with each domain name that is transferred into or registered through Route 53.


  • $0.0005/month (prorated hourly)

What Are the Advantages of Using Route53 AWS for Your Business?

So, now that you know the basics of Route53 AWS, you might be wondering how it helps your business. The following are some advantages of using Route53 AWS for your business:

  • Increase Availability & Reliability

    Route53 was strengthened by the AWS high-reliability infrastructure, which is dispersed throughout the world.

    AWS guarantees 100% availability and uptime thanks to this decentralized initial construction. AWS Route 53 is among the best DNSs due to its extensive infrastructure. 

    Intelligent features like traffic flow and routing control can point users in the direction of a backup server in the event that your primary server is unavailable or goes down. That means your business can rely on Route53. 

  • Flexibility 

    The flexibility you receive from Route53 is unmatched. In addition, you can customize it and make your own traffic rules to suit your particular requirements. Route 53 chooses which traffic to send to your server based on a number of factors. 

    You can develop a variety of traffic policies using AWS. Additionally, you can use the version controlling feature to keep track of the modifications made to a particular traffic policy.

    You have the option of going back to an earlier version. You can create a traffic policy using the Route 53 console, AWS SDKs, or the Route 53 API.

  • Scalability 

    If there is an unforeseen increase in traffic, you shouldn't be concerned that your server will crash. You will never have to intervene because Route53 AWS is automatically scalable to handle all traffic.

  • Fast Speed

    Route53 AWS DNS servers provide low-latency, fast speed service worldwide.

  • Affordability 

    Due to its pay-as-you-go pricing structure, AWS Route 53 is quite affordable. There is no initial cost; instead, you only pay for what you use. Isn’t it great that you only pay for the services you use?

  • Security 

    The integration with IAM secures access to AWS Route53 by restricting access to only authorized users.

  • Ability to Use with Other Amazon Services

    Route 53 compatibility is yet another outstanding feature of AWS infrastructure, which consists of Amazon EC2 instances, Amazon S3 buckets, Amazon Cloud front distributions, and other AWS resources.


With the help of Route53 AWS, businesses can now route worldwide traffic more efficiently and securely. In short, AWS Route53 is used for DNS registration, examining health issues, and routing huge amounts of traffic on the Internet.

Through AWS Route 53, you can create and handle your DNS data. This will of course help you improve the health and performance of your application, along with providing web servers and other potential resources. 

We have attempted throughout this article to provide you with the best information possible by profoundly covering the important aspects of Route 53 AWS.

We are confident that after reading this article, you will have gained a wealth of knowledge, including an understanding of AWS Route 53. 

About the author


Youssef is a Senior Cloud Consultant & Founder of

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