In this digital age, every business reaps benefits from running its applications on the public cloud. AWS offers more than 200 services, but AWS Lambdas stand out from all of them for a lot of reasons.
This article will help you understand what AWS Lambda is, its use cases, pros and cons, features, and how it is different from EC2. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s dive into this article to learn more about AWS Lambda.
What is AWS Lambda and Why is it So Popular?
AWS Lambda is Amazon Web Services' serverless computing service. It runs your code in a highly available computing environment, taking care of everything from server and OS maintenance to capacity provisioning, automatic scaling, and logging.
You can use one of the supported languages and runtimes to create self-contained apps that you can upload and run flexibly and efficiently. AWS Lambda functions can call APIs, process data, serve web pages, and integrate with other AWS services.
Why is AWS Lambda So Popular?
AWS Lambda is a popular serverless computing service with unparalleled benefits. Since the launch of AWS Lambda in 2014, it has gained much popularity by becoming the most adopted and rapidly growing AWS service. One of the main reasons behind AWS Lambda's popularity is its flexibility and affordability.
What are the Use Cases of the AWS Lambda?
When it comes to serverless architecture, AWS Lambda is one of the most promising services available. Let's take a look at some of the most effective AWS Lambdas use cases.
Operating Serverless Websites
This is the most useful case to maximize Lambda and S3-hosted static website pricing. Consider S3 hosting and CloudFront caching for the web front end.
API Gateway HTTPS endpoints enable web frontend Lambda function requests. Lambda handles the logic of an application and saves data to a fully managed database service (either RDS for relational databases or DynamoDB for non-relational databases).
Quick Document Conversion
If you’re providing documents like manuals or transaction records to the users, there is a possibility that they will want them in another format. Some users prefer standard HTML pages, while others prefer PDF formats; in short, there is a need for more formats.
AWS Lambda apps can quickly retrieve, format, and convert content for website viewing or download. Documents can be generated on the spot, which is often much more convenient. AWS Lambda apps can quickly retrieve, format, and convert content for website viewing or download.
Automated File Synchronization
AWS Lambdas can help you synchronize a repository to multiple locations regularly. Many people don’t use this dedicated instance for this kind of thing.
Besides, they double or triple another instance to speed up things. Well, this isn’t a smart choice depending on the security policy in place or the level of competition for available resources at different times of the day.
Instead of spending a lot of money on doubling and tripling other instances, use the Lambda function, which is triggered by a predetermined event, to synchronize the files.
Predictive Page Rendering
Lambda can do far more than just clean up the data. AWS Lambda plays a major role in predictive page rendering when preparing webpages for display.
For example, you can use the Lambda app to recover multimedia files and documents and do an initial rendering of their display. If the Lambda app notices that media files are being served from an outside source, it will automatically switch to a backup source if the main one goes down.
What are the 3 Components of AWS Lambda?
You can configure a lambda function to execute in various runtime environments. Each environment comes with its own library of prebuilt binaries that can be used in your code based on the language you're developing in.
Any libraries or binaries that work in the target runtime environment may be packaged and included. Amazon Linux AMI serves as the foundation for all of our environments.
Lambda functions only have a few configuration options, which are listed below.
Activating AWS Lambda is possible via the Invoke API, but event sources within AWS are the recommended approach. Supported invocation models include the following:
AWS Lambda vs EC2: Feature and Pricing Comparison
Let’s discuss the comparison of AWS Lambda vs EC2 to find out which platform is the best fit to your environment.
1. Features: AWS Lambda vs EC2
Setup & Management
It doesn’t require provisioning containers or spinning up for your application, as it is automated scaling.
It requires logging in through SSH by manually installing Apache. It requires all necessary automated and reproducible software.
AWS handles OS upgrades and patches for Lambda, so cyber threats sit on servers for a long time before attackers act.
You can customize EC2 security. Security groups, network ACLs, and VPC subnet route tables secure the instance.
AWS Lambda is scalable. It dynamically launches more processes to handle the load.
AWS EC2 demands complete control. You must manually configure all scalability features.
Lambda limits direct uploads of zipped packages to 50 MB and layers to 250 MB.
EC2's elastic nature lets you have as many dependencies as you want.
Code size and execution time limits function to specific and highly-focused tasks.
EC2 can run almost every application in a suitable instance.
AWS Lambda has a prescribed timeout of 300 seconds.
EC2 is plagued by connection timeouts due to overlapping security groups.
2. Pricing: AWS Lambda vs EC2
The costs are calculated on a per-unit basis.
The pricing structure for Amazon EC2 is "pay as you use.
$0.0000166667 per GB-second
$0.0336 per hour (t3. medium)
Hourly rate for 2000 instances
Which Platform is Best to Use for Your Business?
The above comparison can help you choose the best platform that meets your business needs. If your business wants to avoid wasting compute resources because of unpredictable traffic to your application, then AWS Lambda is your best bet.
However, Lambda isn't a suitable fit for complex processing that can't be done in the limited execution time. With EC2, you can rest assured that your application will be running in a secure, reliable environment.
What are the Pros and Cons of AWS Lambda?
What are the Most Common AWS Lambda Challenges?
The following are the most common AWS Lambdas challenges that you can face while using it for your application:
What are the Best Solutions to Overcome These Challenges?
The following are the solutions to overcome the challenges that we have discussed above:
What is the Future of AWS Lambda for Serverless Computing?
Is AWS Lambda the future of serverless computing? Well, it’s hard to predict but there are some things that you should know.
Everyone should go for serverless computing! Serveless technologies like AWS Lambdas can help your business make your applications scalable, flexible, and resilient.
Your team can own the system, which includes the infrastructure and architecture, so that there are fewer dependencies between teams.
Not only this, AWS Lambda helps business stakeholders understand the cost of transactions. This way, your business can make informed decisions on costs and the optimization of your application to maximize ROI.
No, AWS Lambda isn’t a Microservice. It is a serverless computing platform that enables users to run code without managing servers.
AWS Lambdas are PaaS ( Platform as a Service). It can help you run as well as execute the backend code.
AWS Lambdas support a lot of languages, listed below:
Lambda@Edge is an Amazon CloudFront feature that enables you to execute code nearer to the locations where your end users are located.
Lambda@Edge removes the burden of provisioning and managing infrastructure in numerous geographic regions. There are no fees incurred while your code is sleeping, and you only pay for the time it actually uses.
The following are some of the best alternatives to AWS Lambdas: