Top AWS Solution Architect Interview Questions: A Comprehensive Prep Guide for 2024


Today, the number of companies using data to solve problems and generate benefits is constantly growing. That's why more and more professionals want to specialize in this field.

AWS Solution Architect is one of the top certifications sought after by companies when hiring a candidate because certifications of value like this provide confidence and professionalism. 

In the following blog, we will understand what responsibilities you should have as an AWS Solution Architect professional, the benefits of this certification, interview questions and answers, tips, and more.

What are the key responsibilities of an AWS Solution Architect?

An AWS Solution Architect professional plays a key role within companies, with tasks and responsibilities aimed at solving problems quickly and providing the greatest benefit to the companies.

a. Security Implementation

One of the main responsibilities is the implementation of security controls to protect data and verify all requirements, developing and maintaining processes to ensure compliance with standards.

b. Maintenance and Administration

They are responsible for system maintenance and proper data administration, developing and maintaining processes to ensure smooth operation. They also create plans, laboratory test reports, and practical reports.

c. Business Efficiency

Studying and focusing on data management for problem-solving and business efficiency, aligning architecture and design with their goals and objectives.

d. Tool Management

An AWS Solution Architect professional is responsible for identifying AWS tools that best suit the situations at hand and meet the required technical requirements.

How does this role contribute to the overall goals of a company?

All companies have key objectives, the smooth operation of their services for customer satisfaction being paramount. That's why an AWS Solutions Architect professional must be able to fulfill those overarching goals.

a. Profitability

They assess each company's issues and needs to apply the appropriate tools and services, reducing workload, cutting costs, and boosting productivity.

b. Security

They focus on security measures and protocols so that, in the event of any incident or risk, the company's and clients' data and privacy remain intact.

c. Scalability

They implement scalable solutions and designs, allowing for quick adaptation to market changes.

Why is AWS certification important for a Solution Architect role?

AWS certifications have a significant impact and value for companies, which is why as a professional, obtaining this certification brings great benefits.

a. Confidence and credibility

As a professional, it's important for companies to see the value you will bring. With an AWS certification, you provide the confidence and credibility that you are qualified to fulfill the responsibilities as a solutions architect.

b. Skills

Adding your AWS certification to your resume validates the skills and technical knowledge of AWS tools, which instills confidence in the companies that are hiring you.

c. Professionalism

AWS is a certification that has an impact. Obtaining it allows you to have professional growth, enabling you to pursue new job opportunities and better salary compensation, while acquiring experience and professionalism for the future.

What are the different levels of AWS certifications available?

AWS provides different certifications that cater to the needs and knowledge of each individual.

1. Foundational Level

This certification is for beginners who want to start in the world of cloud computing. No prior experience is required, and it evaluates basic cloud knowledge.

  • Cloud Practitioner

2. Associate Level

These certifications are for individuals with previous knowledge and experience in the cloud. They assess AWS knowledge and skills.

  • SysOps Administrator
  • Developer
  • Solutions Architect
  • Data Engineer

3. Professional Level

These certifications evaluate knowledge and skills for developing functional applications, security, and process automation with AWS. Previous experience of at least 2 years is recommended.

  • Solutions Architect
  • DevOps Engineer

4. Specialty Level

These certifications assess in-depth knowledge to become a trusted advisor for companies.

  • Advanced Networking
  • Security
  • Machine Learning

Top AWS Solutions Architect Interview Questions to Expect in 2024

Preparing adequately for an interview as an AWS Solutions Architect is essential, which is why here we'll go over a series of questions that are key in an interview.

a. Basic AWS Solutions Architect Interview Questions

Q: What is DynamoDB?

DynamoDB is a NoSQL database set that supports key-value and report information. It can be integrated with AWS and is flexible and reliable.

Q: What are the benefits of cloud computing?

  • Pay-as-you-go model.
  • Flexible and scalable.
  • Automated processes for quick data access worldwide.
  • Rapid adaptation to market needs.

Q: What are the types of cloud deployment models?

Private clouds are used by companies for sensitive applications not accessible to the public.

Public clouds utilize third-party applications like AWS, Microsoft Azure, and other platforms managing cloud data.

Hybrid clouds are a combination of private and public, designed to run on local servers and public networks for greater flexibility and cost-effectiveness.

Q: What is Amazon S3?

It's an object storage service providing scalability and security to businesses. Additionally, it offers worldwide accessibility and nearly unlimited storage capacity. It also provides businesses with cost-effective usage and access control.

Q: What is autoscaling?

It's a feature that allows for the automatic launching of new instances in relation to demand.

b. AWS Solutions Architect Interview Questions for Intermediate and Experienced

Q: What is CloudWatch?

It's an AWS service that allows for setting alarms for suspicious situations, monitoring environments like EC2, S3, SNS, and more.

Q: What AWS services are not limited to a specific region?

  • Route 53
  • Web Application Firewall
  • CloudFront

Q: Types of load balancers in EC2Ñ

  • Application Load Balancer
  • Network Load Balancer
  • Classic Load Balancer

Q: What is AWS OpsWorks?

AWS OpsWorks is a cloud orchestration tool that enables managing server and application deployments with DevOps. It automates tasks such as updates, instance scaling, and allows continuous monitoring of these.

Q: Define snapshots in Amazon Lightsail

When backups are made on EC2 instances, block storage snapshots are created. These can be automated or manually taken as needed. Resources can be restored using these snapshots, utilizing the same original requirements as programmed.

c. Advanced AWS Solutions Architect Interview Questions and Answers

Q: What is the difference between Amazon RDS, DynamoDB, and Redshift?

Amazon RDS manages relational data with backup automation and updates. It manages structured data. DynamoDB is a NoSQL database managing unstructured data. Redshift is a data warehousing service used for analysis.

Q: What is Redshift?

Redshift is an Amazon tool that allows for secure storage, ease of use, scalability, and cost reduction in terms of profitability. It stores data in Petabytes.

Q: How is an AMI created?

You must have an instance running on an operating system like Amazon Linux and then use tools like Packer or Terraform to automate the packaging process.

Q: ECS vs Kubernetes

ECS offers greater scalability and is an easier-to-use tool than Kubernetes. Additionally, it provides flexibility in its usage. Therefore, ECS is recommended.

Q: What is geographic restriction in CloudFront?

Geographic blocking restricts user access if they are not located in specific locations established in the CloudFront web settings, providing increased security and privacy when using applications.

d. AWS Solutions Architect Scenario-based Questions

Q: A company wants to use email services. Which service would you recommend for this? 

I would recommend using Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) as it is a low-cost and functional tool.

Q: Your company wants to implement a security system against any risk or error for data recovery. Which services would you recommend or implement?

I would establish backups at regular intervals to secure the data, and I would also utilize CloudFormation to set up infrastructure for recovery in case of any risk.

Q: A company wants to migrate its application, which consumes large amounts of data and requires access for users from various regions. Which AWS service would you recommend?

I would recommend EC2, S3, Route 53, and CloudFront. These services will help ensure that the migration of your application is secure, fast, and risk-free. 

Q: You work for a company that requires large-scale, real-time data analysis. Which AWS services would you implement to address this and ensure the security of the company's data? 

I would use Kinesis and Kafka for this requirement. Additionally, I would utilize EMR for distributed data.

Q: You need to design a scalable and secure infrastructure. You have high traffic to your application and need to ensure protection against DDoS attacks. Which AWS services would you implement?

The first thing I would do is activate a DDoS shield. I would enable CloudWatch for monitoring, and implement a firewall for suspicious activities.

e. Technical and Non-Technical AWS Solutions Architect Interview Questions

1. Technical Questions

Q: Describe PaaS

It is a service model used to develop, deploy, maintain, and monitor applications.

Q: How many S3 buckets can be created? 

100 buckets are automatically created.

Q: How many IPs can be created per AWS account?

5 per account and location. 

2. Non-Technical Questions

Q: Describe a project you've had and how you successfully carried it out.

There was an issue with resource management and functionality, resulting in significant delays with company tasks. A plan was implemented to prioritize tasks by importance, additional resources were allocated to assist with functionality, and tasks and projects were delivered on time.

Q: If you had to deliver multiple projects at the same time, how would you establish the order to deliver all these tasks on time?

I would evaluate each project, establish the importance of each one, assess their impact on the company's performance, and prioritize my task list accordingly. If necessary, I would request a deadline extension to meet all the projects. 

What are some final tips for excelling in an AWS Solution Architect interview?

As professionals, we aim for success in interviews, which requires preparation and the necessary knowledge to demonstrate it to companies. Following these tips can improve your performance in an interview.

  • Review Concepts

    Before each interview, review and test your skills. This allows you to reassess basic concepts and delve into key knowledge that may be crucial during an interview.

  • Research the Company

    Prior to each interview, it's important to research the company you're applying to. This allows you to study their business objectives, what they specialize in, enabling you to stand out from other professionals by demonstrating interest in the company.

  • Practice Questions

    You can prepare and practice with sample questions that may be asked in an interview for a Solutions Architect professional. This reduces nerves during the interview and increases confidence in your responses, which is essential.

How to stay updated with new AWS developments post-interview?

As a professional, it's important to stay updated with new trends, technologies, and developments in AWS to provide updated skills and knowledge to companies.

  • Online Forums and Communities

    Through AWS online forums and communities, you can connect with other professionals who regularly share valuable information, updates, job opportunities, help you solve doubts, and more.

  • AWS Events

    Attending AWS events or conferences allows you to meet more professionals and expand your network. You can learn from them and stay informed about new trends and technologies.

Conclusion

Becoming a professional AWS Solutions Architect is a great choice for 2024. The opportunities and doors that open with this certification on your resume are plentiful, not to mention the salary benefits. 

Following the advice and questions in this blog is the first step to kick-starting your professional growth for your interview.

FAQ

What is the future of AWS Solution Architect?

It has a promising future due to the number of companies seeking specialized professionals in this area, offering great remuneration for their skills.

Are AWS solution architects in demand?

Yes, there is demand for professionals, but there is also a large job market supply.

Is solutions architect a good career path?

Absolutely, being an AWS Solution Architect professional opens many doors in the job market. It enables professional growth by enhancing technical skills and providing valuable experience for higher-level positions.

Is AWS Solutions Architect Professional worth it?

Yes, AWS certifications are highly valuable in the field. In addition to making an impact and offering confidence to companies, they also have significant salary benefits.

What is the salary of an AWS Solution Architect?

It depends on the location and responsibilities. For example, in the United States, the average salary is $120-130k annually.

How difficult is AWS Solutions Architect?

It's not an easy exam, but with the right preparation and proper management during the exam, it can make the process easier.

Is AWS Solution Architect a stressful job?

It's a job with a lot of responsibilities, and if communication with the team isn't managed well, it can become stressful.

About the author

Youssef

Youssef is a Senior Cloud Consultant & Founder of ITCertificate.org

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