What is AWS VPC ? A complete guide to the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud

An efficient and safe connectivity between an organization's current IT infrastructure and the AWS cloud is made possible by Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC).

With the help of Amazon VPC, businesses can use a Virtual Private Network (VPN) connection to link their current infrastructure to a collection of separated AWS computing resources and to expand the administration of their existing network to include their AWS resources.

 In the coming days, Amazon VPC will interface with other Amazon Web Services in addition to the way it currently connects with Amazon EC2.

There are no long-term commitments, spending minimums, or open expenses necessary with this AWS service as with all others. You only pay for the resources you utilize while using Amazon VPC.

In this article, we will examine AWS VPC in more detail that reveals a tonne of brand-new shocks regarding AWS VPC.The following brief discussion will help to clarify "What is AWS VPC”

What is AWS VPC?

Amazon Virtual Private Cloud "provisions a logically isolated section of Amazon Web Services Cloud" to provide customers with a virtual private cloud. Business clients connect to the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud via a virtual private network based on IPsec.

A programmer can use Amazon VPC to create security groups to restrict the amount of traffic that enters and exits Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instances. Moreover also creating network access control lists that permit or prohibit traffic to subnets.

What is the role of VPC in AWS?

  • With Amazon VPC, you can create a virtual network in the AWS cloud without using hardware, VPNs, or real data centers.

  •  You can specify your own network boundaries and choose how your network's resources—including any Amazon EC2 resources—are accessible to the Internet.

  • Investments: Customers still enjoy economies of scale because VPCs are part of a public cloud, sharing costs with other businesses without sacrificing the promised security. 

  • The cloud infrastructure, on-premise infrastructure, as well as other VPCs can all be easily linked with a VPC.

  • You have total power throughout your digital network infrastructure, including asset allocation, connection, and encryption, using Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC).

What types of AWS VPC are available?

The four possibilities are:

  1. 1

    A single public subnet in an Amazon VPA

    In order to enable communication over the internet, a virtual private cloud (VPC) with a single public subnet and an internet gateway are established.

     We suggest using this configuration if you plan to run a single-tier, publically available online application, such a blog or a simple website.

  2. 2

    Public and private subnets for Amazon VPC

    When running a web application with a public facing interface, a virtual private cloud (VPC) with a public subnet and a private subnet is set up to maintain back-end servers that aren't accessible to the general public.

    A typical example is a multi-tier website where the web servers are on a public subnet and the database servers are on a private subnet. The routing and security settings can be set up to allow communication between the web servers and database servers.

  3. 3

    AWS Site-to-Site VPN connection and an Amazon VPC with public and private subnets 

    The settings to expand your network into the cloud and have a direct connection to the internet from your VPC include a virtual private cloud (VPC) with a public and private subnet.

    It also constitutes virtual private gateway to enable communication with your personal system through an IPsec VPN tunnel.

  4. 4

    AWS Site-to-Site VPN connectivity and an Amazon VPC with a private subnet only

    In order to connect to your own network via an IPsec VPN tunnel, the setup for such a case consists of a virtual private cloud (VPC) with a single private subnet and a virtual private gateway.

    There is no broadband connection to allow for online communication.

     If you wish to use Amazon's infrastructure to expand your network into the cloud without opening your network up to the internet, we advise employing this option.

What are the main features of the AWS Virtual Private Cloud?

You can establish a VPC to give your apps the bandwidth they want by using the features listed below, Moreover the description will help you to understand what is vps aws:

Private virtual clouds (VPC)

A virtual private cloud (VPC) is a network that accurately represents the conventional network you would run within your own computer system. Subnets can be added once a VPC has been created.


Subnets In your VPC, a subnet is a group of IP addresses. A subnet can only be located in one Aws Region. You can integrate AWS resources in your VPC after adding subnets.

Addressing IP

Your VPCs and subnets can accept both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. Assigning public IPv4 and IPv6 GUA addresses to EC2 instances, NAT gateways, and other services in your VPC is yet another choice offered through AWS.


To find out where network traffic coming from your subnet or gateway is going, use route tables.

Ports and gates

Your VPC is linked to another network by a gateway. Use an internet gateway, for example, to link your VPC to the internet.

Without using a NAT or network gateway, connect privately to AWS services via a VPC connection.

Peering relationships

Allowing traffic to be routed between the resources of two VPCs, use a Remote - access vpn connection.

Congestion Mirroring

To do extensive packet inspection, capture network activity from access points and deliver it to security and monitoring equipment.

Transit routes

To transport traffic between your VPCs, VPN connections, and AWS Direct Connect connections, use a transit gateway, which acts as a central hub.

Flow Logs A VPC

In your VPC, a flow log records the IP traffic to and from network interfaces.

Utilizing a VPN

Making use of AWS Virtual Private Network, link your VPCs to your on-premises networks (AWS VPN).

Benefits Of Using AWS Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)

  • Flexibility

    Utilizing an AWS VPC offers a dependable, flexible cloud infrastructure that can be tailored for every business, which is one of the key advantages.

    Companies have more freedom to leverage various cloud service and network capabilities by setting up more than one VPC.

  • Security

    Both AWS and the organizations that use their services prioritize security considerations. It is nearly hard to totally protect against data breaches.

    AWS has a solid reputation for security, but. In many cases, a VPC offers a safer, more segregated setting than a private cloud or conventional network.

    Some businesses have indeed made investments in computing, connectivity, or data centers.

    Perhaps cloud computing already exists for a large corporation. To establish a secure connection to your data center or cloud platform, consider using AWS VPC.

  • Segmentation

    The VPC offers great advantages due to its security and adaptable design. Each VPC that a given account creates is separate from the others, regardless of how many there are.

    Because of this separation, the VPCs can share private subnets, for instance, with one another.

  • An Industry Leader

    To address a company's computing and networking demands, cloud-based services are increasingly becoming the standard rather than an alternative. In this quickly developing business, AWS is at the top.

  • Providing a cloud aspect

    Perhaps exaggerating, but the cloud component of using an AWS VPC is the best justification. A VPC eliminates the necessity for switches, routers, or a virtual private network (VPN).

    If a VPC satisfies a company's networking needs, owning a local network and equipment is all but unnecessary.

  • Regional Cooperation

    The majority of businesses or customers typically have a single AWS account. No matter where in the world it is, a single account is not restricted to a specific VPC.

    Geographic location dictates the AWS Regions throughout the world, where Amazon has placed cloud data centers in a proactive way.

    Companies that are physically localized or operate a worldwide organization profit from this regionalization.

  • Personalization

    Companies almost no longer need to own, manage, or invest in equipment or computer servers due to AWS's cloud services. Businesses can create a flexible virtual network with a VPC.

    Businesses can choose the network capacity through modification. Resource management options or choosing how the network connects to the internet are examples of personalization controls.

What are the best Practices For Securing Your AWS VPC Implementation

A computer with operation workloads needs many security measures to function efficiently.

By using some of these helpful methods, you can secure Amazon Virtual Private Cloud much like your on-site data center:

  • Select the Proper Type of VPC
  • Select the Proper CIDR BlockImplement Multi-AZ Deployments
  • Create Isolated Environments
  • Control resource access by using security groupsNetwork Access Control List creation (NACL)
  • VPC Flow Logs Can Be Used to Track IP Traffic
  • Utilize an Elastic IP When Communicating Externally
  • When Using Elastic Load Balancing, Use Caution
  • Create a Tagging Strategy, Configure VPC Peering
  •  Implement Monitoring and Automation

Final Thoughts

Adopting a VPC has several benefits, but from the perspective of a professional IT, getting educated and qualified can be preferable. It's an excellent skill if you want to be able to install, administer, and resolve problems in a VPC network environment.

AWS VPC is a basic networking solution that is adaptable and made to function as a conventional data centre. EC2 and Relational Database Service are two of AWS's most well-liked services that are supported by VPC. 

Every VPC has security and data protection built in, adding an extra degree of network security. A VPC gives businesses the ability to customise network parameters, such as changing their IP address range, since it is a virtual network that is adaptable.

Hopefully, the explanation of the foundation of aws vpc, its key characteristics, required function, and certain advantages made it clearer for you to comprehend what vpc aws is.

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions or would like more information on AWS VPC.


How do I enable VPC on AWS?

Navigate to https://console.aws.amazon.com/vpc/ to access the Amazon VPC console.

  1. Click on Create VPC
  2. VPC and more should be selected under Resources to build
  3. Enter a name for the VPC in the Name tag auto-generation field.
  4. Make the following adjustments to the subnets: Select 2 for the "Number of Availability Zones" field.
  5. Click on Create VPC.

How many VPC can be created in AWS?

At first, you are only allowed to deploy 20 Amazon EC2 instances at once, with a limit VPC size of 16. (65,536 IPs).

Can I use AWS without VPC?

You can set up user accounts without VPCs being automatically established for them using this technique if your end user workloads don't call for them.

You may examine and modify your network setup settings from the AWS Control Tower dashboard.

What is the difference between VPC and subnet?

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) networks are a worldwide resource. One or more subnets, also known as IP address ranges, make up each VPC network.

While local entities called subnets have corresponding IP address ranges. Subnet and subnetwork are synonymous in Google Cloud.

Why is AWS VPC the most popular?

The reason is that users of a VPC have complete control over the size of the network and can automatically scale resources upwards or downwards as needed.

These resources provide real-time dynamic scaling capabilities.

About the author


Youssef is a Senior Cloud Consultant & Founder of ITCertificate.org

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