Unveiling the Top CCNP Exam Questions: An In-Depth Study Guide

The Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) certification is a prestigious credential, signifying advanced proficiency in network solutions.

This guide emphasizes the significance of preparing for CCNP exam questions, offering comprehensive insights into common exam topics and fostering confidence.

Expect detailed explanations, practice questions, and valuable tips for tackling the most challenging aspects of the CCNP exam within this guide, as we embark on a journey toward exam success together.

Understanding the CCNP Certification

A. What Is CCNP?

The Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) certification is a distinguished credential that demonstrates a high level of proficiency in planning, implementing, and managing complex networking solutions.

B. Benefits of Earning CCNP Certification

Earning the Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) certification offers a multitude of substantial benefits for networking professionals:

  • Validation of Expertise

    CCNP certification is a globally recognized validation of advanced networking skills. It signifies a high level of proficiency in designing, implementing, and managing complex networking solutions.

  • Career Advancement

    Holding a CCNP certification can significantly enhance your career prospects. It opens doors to a wide range of job opportunities with higher responsibilities and potentially higher salaries.

  • Industry Recognition

    CCNP is highly regarded in the IT industry. Employers value CCNP-certified professionals for their demonstrated expertise in working with Cisco networking technologies.

  • Access to Exclusive Resources

    Certified individuals gain access to a wealth of Cisco resources, including technical support, forums, and the Cisco Learning Network, which provides a platform for networking professionals to connect, share knowledge, and collaborate.

C. Prerequisites for Taking the CCNP Exam

To take the CCNP exam, candidates must hold a valid CCNA certification, demonstrating foundational networking knowledge.

The CCNP certification comprises three exams, including Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE) and Implementing Cisco IP Switched Networks (SWITCH).

D. Types of CCNP Exams

The CCNP certification encompasses a range of exams, each focusing on different aspects of network technologies.

These include exams in areas such as routing and switching, security, wireless networking, and more. Candidates can choose exams that align with their specific career goals and interests.

Mastering CCNP Exam Preparation

  • Setting Realistic Goals

    Establish clear, achievable objectives for your CCNP journey. Define specific targets to guide your study efforts and measure progress effectively.

  • Creating a Study Plan

    Develop a structured timetable outlining study sessions, review periods, and practice exams. A well-organized plan enhances focus and maximizes learning efficiency.

  • Gathering Study Materials

    Compile relevant resources, including official Cisco documentation, study guides, and reputable third-party materials. Access to diverse learning materials enriches your understanding of CCNP concepts.

  • Joining Study Groups

    Participate in study groups or online forums dedicated to CCNP preparation. Collaborative learning fosters discussion, knowledge exchange, and mutual support among aspiring certification holders.

Navigating CCNP Exam Question Formats

1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

a. Which routing protocol is classified as a link-state routing protocol?





Answer: A) OSPF

b. What is the default administrative distance for OSPF?

A) 90

B) 100

C) 110

D) 120

Answer: C) 110

c. Which layer of the OSI model is responsible for logical addressing?

A) Layer 2

B) Layer 3

C) Layer 4

D) Layer 5

Answer: B) Layer 3

d. Which command is used to configure a static route on a Cisco router?

A) route add

B) ip route

C) route static

D) route create

Answer: B) ip route

e. What is the purpose of VLAN tagging in a switched network?

A) To identify the VLAN membership of frames

B) To filter unwanted traffic

C) To determine the MAC address of devices

D) To establish Layer 3 connectivity

Answer: A) To identify the VLAN membership of frames

2. Scenario-Based Questions

a. Scenario 1

You are the network administrator for a large corporation. A branch office is experiencing slow internet connectivity. What troubleshooting steps would you take to identify and resolve the issue?

Answer: Analyze network traffic, check for bandwidth limitations, examine router configurations, and verify ISP connectivity.

b. Scenario 2

A company is migrating its email service to a cloud-based platform. Outline the necessary steps to ensure a smooth transition without service interruptions.

Answer: Backup existing email data, configure DNS records, set up accounts on the cloud platform, conduct testing, and update MX records.

c. Scenario 3

A network experiences intermittent connectivity issues. How would you approach this problem and what tools would you utilize for troubleshooting?

Answer: Begin with a comprehensive network audit, use network monitoring tools to identify anomalies, conduct packet captures, and analyze logs for insights.

d. Scenario 4

A new switch needs to be added to an existing network. Describe the steps you would take to integrate it seamlessly, ensuring minimal disruption to operations.

Answer: Assign a unique management IP, configure VLANs, set up trunk ports, adjust spanning tree settings, and verify connectivity through testing.

e. Scenario 5

A firewall rule needs to be implemented to allow specific traffic while blocking all other incoming connections. Explain how you would configure this rule.

Answer: Define the rule with source, destination, and service parameters, set the action to “allow,” and place it in the firewall’s rule hierarchy accordingly.

3. Drag-and-Drop Questions

Question 1: Match the Network Protocol with its Corresponding Port Number.

Options (to be matched with appropriate port numbers):

a) DNS



d) SSH

e) FTP

Port Numbers:

1. Port 80

2. Port 21

3. Port 53

4. Port 22

5. Port 25







Question 2: Match the Network Topology with its Description.

Options (to be matched with appropriate descriptions)

a) Mesh Topologyb) Star Topologyc) Ring Topologyd) Bus Topologye) Hybrid Topology


1. All nodes are connected to a central backbone cable.2. Consists of a central hub with each node connected to it.3. Combines multiple topologies into one network.4. Nodes are connected in a closed-loop fashion.5. Every node has a direct link to every other node.



Question 3: Match the Device with its Function

Options (to be matched with appropriate functions):

a) Access Pointb) Hubc) Firewalld) Switche) Router


1. Monitors and filters incoming and outgoing network traffic.2. Provides wireless connectivity for devices to access a network.3. Connects multiple devices within a local area network (LAN).4. Distributes data to all devices in a network.5. Directs data between networks based on logical addresses.



Question 4: Match the Subnet Mask to CIDR

Options (to be matched with appropriate CIDR notations):


CIDR Notations:

1. /252. /163. /84. /24



Question 5: Match the OSI Layer with its Corresponding Function.

Options (to be matched with appropriate layers):

a) Transport Layerb) Application Layerc) Data Link Layerd) Physical Layere) Network Layer


1. Deals with the physical connection between devices.2. Ensures reliable data transfer between devices.3. Responsible for end-to-end communication and data representation.4. Determines the best path for data packets across a network.5. Handles addressing and framing of data for transmission.



Common Topics Covered

  1. 1

    Routing and Switching

    This section delves into advanced routing protocols like OSPF, EIGRP, and BGP. It also covers VLANs, spanning tree protocols, and subnetting, along with switch configurations and inter-VLAN routing.

  2. 2


    This topic encompasses network security protocols (e.g., SSL/TLS), VPN technologies, access control lists (ACLs), firewalls, intrusion prevention systems (IPS), and best practices for securing networks against various threats.

  3. 3


    In this section, you’ll explore wireless networking concepts, including access point deployment, controller-based architectures, RF technologies, and wireless LAN design best practices. Topics like WLAN security and troubleshooting are also covered.

  4. 4

    Data Center

    This domain focuses on data center technologies, including virtualization (VMware, Hyper-V), storage solutions (SAN, NAS), data center design, and high availability concepts.

  5. 5


    This area centers around collaboration technologies like Voice over IP (VoIP), video conferencing, presence, and unified communications systems. It covers solutions like Cisco Unified Communications Manager (CUCM) and Cisco Unity Connection.

  6. 6

    Service Provider

    This section encompasses technologies specific to service providers, including MPLS, BGP routing, Quality of Service (QoS) implementations, and understanding Carrier Ethernet.

Mastering Exam Question Strategies

  • Time Management Tips

    Allocate a specific amount of time to each question based on the total exam duration. Avoid spending too much time on any single question.

  • Reading Questions Carefully

    Take the time to read each question thoroughly, ensuring you understand what is being asked. Look out for specific keywords or details that may provide hints.

  • Process of Elimination

    Analyze each option and eliminate clearly incorrect choices. This strategy increases the likelihood of choosing the correct answer from the remaining options.

  • Educated Guessing

    When you’re uncertain about an answer, use your knowledge and logical reasoning to make an educated guess. Consider context clues or eliminate obviously incorrect choices to make an informed selection.

  • Recommended Practice Exam Resources

    Cisco Packet Tracer is a powerful network simulation tool that allows you to practice configuring and troubleshooting Cisco network devices in a virtual environment. It’s especially valuable for hands-on practice.

Practice Makes Perfect

1. Official study materials

Cisco’s official CCNP study resources

Cisco’s official CCNP study resources offer meticulously crafted content aligned with exam objectives. They’re regularly updated to provide the most current information for candidates and cover each topic in depth.

2. Third party Online Course Providers

​Cisco CCNP Routing Certification Course| Udemy

Udemy hosts expert-created CCNP courses, offering flexible, self-paced learning with video lectures, quizzes, and practical demos.

The instructor caters to various learning styles, providing a comprehensive learning experience.

3. Recommended Practice Exam

IP With Ease

It excels in providing accurate, CCNP-specific practice exams mirroring the real test’s format and difficulty. These exams effectively gauge readiness and pinpoint areas needing further study.

4. Great Books and PDF Guides

​CCNP Routing and Switching v2.0 Official Cert Guide Library

This comprehensive guide covers CCNP routing and switching, offering in-depth explanations, practical examples, and real-world scenarios.

It’s an authoritative resource for CCNP candidates seeking a thorough understanding of the material.

5. Youtube Tutorials for Beginners

CCNP Enterprise Full Course 120+ hrs | Sagar Dhawan

Sagar’s channel offers beginner-friendly tutorials on networking concepts.

With clear explanations, visual aids, and practical demonstrations, it’s an excellent resource for newcomers to networking aiming to build a strong foundation for CCNP studies.

Staying Updated with CCNP Changes

A. Cisco’s Updates and Revisions

Stay informed about any changes or updates to the CCNP certification program through official announcements from Cisco. This includes revisions to exam content, format, and certification requirements.

B. Strategies for Staying Informed

Utilize Cisco’s official website, newsletters, social media channels, and community forums to receive timely updates on CCNP changes. Engage with industry blogs and forums for additional insights.

C. Importance of Continuous Education

Recognize the significance of ongoing learning to stay current in the dynamic field of networking. Embrace opportunities for further training, certifications, and skill development beyond CCNP.

Summary and Key Takeaways

In this guide, we’ve covered key CCNP certification aspects, including prerequisites, study materials, and exam strategies. A strong foundation, diverse resources, and effective techniques are vital.Continual learning and staying updated with Cisco’s revisions are essential.By setting goals and using strategic approaches, CCNP aspirants can confidently navigate the certification journey, mastering advanced networking concepts.


About the author


Youssef is a Senior Cloud Consultant & Founder of ITCertificate.org

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